To mark Parliament Week – a programme of activities connecting people across the UK with the Westminster Parliament – the Hansard Society hosted a half-day event to look at the problems with the legislative process, and how technology might help solve them.
The latest in our Future Parliament series of research and events, it also looked at how Westminster could best use the rupture of being uprooted from the Palace to drive innovation, including trialing new technology.
Capacity, Scrutiny and Engagement: Challenges and Opportunities
Our first panel looked at the current challenges to the legislative process within Parliament, and those areas where technology might be of greatest use, drawing on the Society’s involvement in the mutli-national EU funded Sense4us technology research project.
Dr Ruth Fox, Director of the Hansard Society, chaired a discussion with Emma Allen, Director of Digital Development, Parliament Digital Service; Stella Creasy, MP for Walthamstow; and Liam Laurence Smyth, Clerk of Legislation in the House of Commons.
All the panelists raised culture change as a major issue for Parliament and technology - whether encouraging people to get involved with legislation, or moving beyond mass-email point-and-click campaigns.
Getting people involved in legislation is the biggest challenge says Liam Lawrence, Parliament’s clerk of legislation. #FutureParliament— Kathryn Corrick (@kcorrick) November 14, 2016
Clearly a need for civil society to think more about how tech can create change without deluging MPs with identical emails #FutureParliament— Victoria Boelman (@vboelman) November 14, 2016
Education was also a clear factor for both the panelists and audience, helping the public understand both what Parliament does and decoding the language it uses.
Opportunities for improvement
With the challenges laid out, it was clear that technology could help improve the process.
With a break for refreshments, the audience was able to learn more about Sense4us, a multi-national technology research project funded by the European Commission to develop new information discovery tools for policy-makers and researchers. The Sense4us toolset includes new tools to support text analysis, social media search and sentiment, linked open data search, and dynamic policy model simulations.
Parliament as an innovation lab: Restoration and Renewal… and beyond
Our second panel looked more closely at the future of Parliament - and the potential opportunities for innovation across the Restoration and Renewal programme.
With MPs and Peers due to move out of the Palace into alternative locations in the Westminster area for a few years, could these temporary new Houses be turned into parliamentary laboratories to trial and test new digital technology?
BBC journalist and technology critic Bill Thompson chaired the discussion with Victoria Boelman, Principal Researcher in Government Innovation, Nesta; Elizabeth Linder, Founder of the Conversational Century; Rebecca Rumbul, Head of Research, mySociety; and Paul Walland, Director of Innovation at the IT Innovation Centre, University of Southampton, and co-ordinator of the Sense4us project.
Regardless of what technologies Parliament might test, the panel was clear that any temporary building presents a chance to be bold and less risk-averse, especially when it comes to space and design.
London's example of using structures created decades/centuries ago, because they were built with great vision, has lessons #FutureParliament— Glyn R Jones (@GlynRJones) November 14, 2016
No silver bullet
Closing the event, it was clear that any technological ‘solutions’ would need to be considered carefully. From online echo chambers to the digital divide, innovation is just one tool at Parliament’s disposal.
Algorithms create echo chambers. Especially problematic when applied to democracy. How do we solve this? From the floor#FutureParliament— Hansard Society (@HansardSociety) November 14, 2016
Sense4us is a project funded from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (contract number 611242)
Enjoy reading this? Please consider sharing it
MPs are debating motions on ‘made negative’ Statutory Instruments (SIs) on three successive days this week. While the debates will give a last-minute boost to the government’s record for the handling of such SIs in the 2019-21 session, they also highlight how the government’s control of time undermines MPs’ role in scrutinising such Instruments.
Most of the UK’s general public law is made not through Acts of Parliament but through delegated legislation in the form of Statutory Instruments. What is delegated legislation and how does the parliamentary scrutiny system for this legislation work?
The problems with the delegated legislation system have long been known but Brexit and Covid-19 have illuminated them in stark terms. Our Review will lay out a comprehensive plan to address them.
The marginalisation of the House of Commons under Covid has been shocking; a year on, Parliament’s role must urgently be restored
The Hansard Society hosted two online hustings for the candidates in the 2021 Lord Speaker election. The first event, on 25 March, was chaired by the BBC’s parliamentary correspondent Mark D’Arcy; and the second, on 13 April, was chaired by Jackie Ashley, former political correspondent and broadcaster.
The Strategic Review of the Palace of Westminster Restoration and Renewal programme has been published, after 10 months’ work – but political factors mean that implementation of the programme’s main conclusion, that there will be a ‘full decant’ from the building while work takes place, remains in doubt.